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Social Effects of Industrialization
Sep 14, 2017 in Research
The process of industrialization influenced peasant population, urban workers and middle classes representatives in different ways.
With the development of new industries and construction of new factories, more rural population moved to the cities in search of better work and living conditions. The level of people involved in agriculture significantly lowered with the growth of the number of population involved in the industrial production (Hopkins, 2000). The living conditions of peasant population increased eventually because of the active work of unions that influenced the wages growth and better life standards. More peasants went to get the technical education to the bigger cities as they understood that their future depended upon their knowledge.
The situation became different for the urban workers as most of the processes became mechanized and people were replaced by the machines (Coffin, 2011). At the same time the working conditions worsened, and people were suffering working in poorly ventilated areas and had no safety measures or evacuation plans. More children and women were involved in production, working more than half a day as one shift. Wages for such workers were lower, and most of them had very high chances to get injuries during their work. Living conditions worsened, as well as some of the industrial workers had to live near the factories what caused illnesses and deaths in such social layers.
Businessmen and professionals that constituted the middle classes were among those people who benefited after the results of industrialization (Coffin, 2011). Most of them started living in better conditions and ate healthy food; this significantly lessened the level of deaths and illnesses in these social layers and made people live longer than earlier. Those who had not enough money to buy some goods and products earlier became able to afford everything they needed, and significantly improved their living conditions. With the development of industry the libraries, colleges and universities were established, and more people of middle and upper classes started thinking of having higher education.
The consequences of industrialization were intense and different for various social layers, such as peasant population, urban workers, middle and upper classes of people. Some of these groups had significant advance, others had not, but changes could be observed for all social groups.