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Education and Inequalities

Sep 14, 2017 in Education

Question 1

U.S education was introduced as a tool of accessing social, economic and political opportunity in the society. According to U.S past educational system, education had two objectives, namely enabling people to achieve preferred career goals and maintaining two social classes in the society that is the defined gap between the poor and right people. According to U.S past education history, the education was made to create wealth, enterprises and commercial institutions, which could in turn create employment opportunities to the learned generation. On the other hand, the educational system did not address other social factors. As a result, it increased a big gap between the poor and the rich. According to the report by Henry Bernard, U.S educational system needs numerous reforms to create more opportunities to both educated and non-educated people and to fight social inequalities.

Question 2

According to Bowles and Gintis, the educational system was supposed to be effective in terms of addressing capitalist economy in the society. In their argument, Bowles and Gintis proposed that this type of education should be reformed in such a way that all capitalist economics dependents should be addressed in great details. They also suggested that the educational reforms should make sure that fundamental institution within the capital economy is well controlled. They explained that schooling was supposed to ensure that all working class people were well accommodated to opportunities and any forms of development in the industry. Finally, Bowles and Gintis expressed that this form of education would not only address capitalist economy issues but also social-political inequalities in the society. Such a form of reforms pointed out by Bowles and Ginties led to reduction of working inequalities in the society.

Question 3

Bowles and Ginties concluded that providing equal schooling education was aimed at solving some social, economic and political inequalities in the society. This would ensure that in spite of the fact that social class people occupy the society, proper equitable schooling for all classes will ensure significant marginal gab between the social-background factor and their impact on acquiring education. Social factors could no longer determine the level of education in the society, since it should be accessible to all citizens.

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