Cognitive Development

Sep 14, 2017 in Education

A) Explain Piaget’s theory of cognitive development

This is an explanation about how knowledge is acquired and internalized in children through step to step development of the brain and also by learning from the surrounding. They do this by asking questions about the difference between what they think is right and what is in their surroundings. These developments occur in four main stages: Sensorimotor stage which occurs in children below 2 years. In this stage the child learns about him/herself and about things in the surround through basic sense activities such as seeing. Here the child also starts to acquire language and learns habits .The second stage is called preoperational stage which occurs when the child is below seven years. Here the child develops through role playing and creativity. The child also asks a lot of questions from the adults available in order to seek clarification. The third is the concrete stage which occurs between seven to eleven years. The child is now more able to solve simple mathematical problems such as additions and subtractions and is able to think logically. The last stage is the formal operational stage. Here the child is already a young adult above eleven years who can take precautions.

B) Consider which aspects of it can help Jon and Isobel decide how best to respond to their children’s learning needs and any aspects which might not.

According to Piaget’s theory, development occurs through assimilation and accommodation. Assimilation is when the child acquires new information and tries to compare it with the already learned truth while accommodation is the process through which the child acquires different information and tries to compare it with the already learned order.  Oliver is now developing behavior through trial. Jon and Isobel should therefore try to encourage good behavior and discourage any bad behavior in her learning. They should also instruct the nanny to do the same and explain to her the child’s daily routines such as sleeping patterns. Jon and Isobel should also try to assist their older children fully develop their deductive logics by helping them with their homework.

C) What would the theories of attachment contribute to Jon’s, Isobel’s and Egle’s understanding of the difficulties that have arisen regarding Olivia?

The theories of attachment explain how a child develops a bond with the adult giving it care. The presence of the parent is also very important in the child’s development. The child feels secure around a familiar person and can easily be able to explore the surrounding. The child also forms the most important bond with the person giving it most care. This helps it to walk, feel, walk and easily adopt. Oliver has undergone a lot of bond break downs since she has experienced a lot of changes within a short period. She might lack any attachment with any of the four caregivers and that’s why she is unresponsive to the parents.

D) Consider whether or not these theories are valid

Oliver feels indifferent and even unresponsive to the mother .She also wakes up during the night and cries since she does not feel secure with the mother. The mother spends most of the day away. This is because of emotional disconnection as suggested by the theory. On the other hand the nanny spends most of the day with her and provides primary care for her and hence the child has developed a stronger bond with the nanny and when she is away the child becomes restless. This shows that the attachment theories are valid.

E) Explain how both perception and nature/nurture contribute to child development

Perception is the different ways in which each individual acquires information from the surrounding. They then use such information to make meaning. A child learns by seeing, hearing and sensing changes in the environment. Once the child perceives something as good or enjoyable, it creates an attachment to it or a behavior by repeating such actions. Language develop in this way as children repeat saying  words such as’ mum’ or ‘ daddy’ and seeing their parents respond. Movement also develops as the child tries to walk towards things that the child perceives as beautiful. Nature is the genetic inheritance acquired by a child from the biological parents. Such inheritances include resistance to diseases, height and the color. A child’s development therefore largely depends on their genetic makeup.

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